Penggunaan To Be: Was dan Were

Kompas.com - 03/06/2020, 16:00 WIB
Ilustrasi bahasa inggris to be was were shutterstockIlustrasi bahasa inggris to be was were

KOMPAS.com - Penggunaan to be merupakan kata bantu yang digunakan untuk menjelaskan suatu kondisi yang sedang terjadi maupun tetap terjadi.

Di lansir dari British Council, to be atau be tidak hanya am, are, dan is melainkan juga was dan were. Di mana penggunaan was dan were merupakan bentuk lampau atau Past Tense.

Berikut penjelasan dan cara penggunaan to be was dan were:

  • Was

Was adalah to be yang digunakan pada subject I, he (dia laki-laki), she (dia perempuan), dan it (kata benda).

Was memiliki bentuk past, sehingga hanya digunakan untuk Simple Past Tense dan Past Continuous Tense.

Baca juga: Penggunaan To Be: Is, Am, dan Are

Penggunaan to be was hanya digunakan di Simple Past Tense dalam bentuk nominal (kata sifat, kata benda). Sedangkan dalam Past Contnuous Tense untuk bentuk verb atau kata kerja.

Berikut cara penggunaannya:

  Simple Past Tense Past Continuous Tense
Kalimat positif Subject (I/he/she/it) + was + nominal Subject (I/he/she/it) + was + verb-ing
Kalimat negatif Subject (I/he/she/it) + was + not + nominal Subject (I/he/she/it) + was + not + verb-ing
Kalimat tanya Was + Subject (I/he/she/it) + nominal Was + Subject (I/he/she/it) + verb-ing
Contoh kalimat Simple Past Tense: Rahma was smart when she studied in school (Rahma sangat pintar saat dulu dia belajar di sekolah) Rahma was not smart when she studied in school (Rahma tidak pintar saat dulu dia belajar di sekolah) Was Rahma smart when she studied in school (Apa Rahma pintar saat dulu dia belajar di sekolah?) Baca juga: Teks Laporan Hasil Observasi Contoh kalimat Past Continuous Tense: Rahma was playing in the garden when she was in kindergarten (Rahma bermain di taman ketika sekolah Kanak-kanak) Rahma was not playing in the garden when she was in kindergarten (Rahma tidak bermain di taman ketika sekolah Kanak-kanak) Was Rahma playing in the garden when she was in kindergarten (Apa Rahma bermain di taman ketika sekolah Kanak-kanak)
  • Were
Were adalah to be yang digunakan pada subject you, we, they, dan benda berjumlah jamak (plural). Were memiliki bentuk past, sehingga hanya digunakan untuk Simple Past Tense dan Past Continuous Tense. Baca juga: Cara Menulis Teks Iklan Penggunaan to be were hanya digunakan di Simple Past Tense dalam bentuk nominal (kata sifat, kata benda). Sedangkan dalam Past Contnuous Tense untuk bentuk verb atau kata kerja. Berikut cara penggunaannya:
  Simple Past Tense Past Continuous Tense
Kalimat positif Subject (you/we/they) + were + nominal Subject (you/we/they) + were + verb-ing
Kalimat negatif Subject (you/we/they) + were + not + nominal Subject (you/we/they) + were + not + verb-ing
Kalimat tanya Were + Subject (you/we/they) + nominal Were + Subject (you/we/they) + verb-ing

Contoh kalimat Simple Past Tense:

They were smart when she studied in school (Mereka sangat pintar saat dulu dia belajar di sekolah)

They were not smart when she studied in school (Mereka tidak pintar saat dulu dia belajar di sekolah)

Were they smart when she studied in school (Apa mereka pintar saat dulu dia belajar di sekolah?)

Baca juga: Kenapa Bahasa Inggris jadi Bahasa Internasional?

Contoh kalimat Past Continuous Tense:

They were playing in the garden when she was in kindergarten (Mereka bermain di taman ketika sekolah Kanak-kanak)

They were not playing in the garden when she was in kindergarten (Mereka tidak bermain di taman ketika sekolah Kanak-kanak)

Were they playing in the garden when she was in kindergarten (Apa mereka bermain di taman ketika sekolah Kanak-kanak)


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